Let’s see an example of using egress route by deploying a recommendation:v3 version. Egress service entry allow you to apply rules to how internal services interact with external APIs/services.

In this case, we are going to configure Istio to access from internal service (recommendation:v3).

Before Start

You should have NO virtualservice nor destinationrule (in tutorial namespace) kubectl get virtualservice kubectl get destinationrule if so run:


Important: We have a 3rd Deployment to manage the v3 version of recommendation.

oc apply -f <(istioctl kube-inject -f recommendation/kubernetes/Deployment-v3.yml) -n tutorial
oc get pods -w


kubectl apply -f <(istioctl kube-inject -f recommendation/kubernetes/Deployment-v3.yml) -n tutorial
kubectl get pods -w -n

Wait for v3 to be deployed

Wait for those pods to show "2/2", the istio-proxy/envoy sidecar is part of that pod

NAME                                  READY     STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE
customer-3600192384-fpljb             2/2       Running   0          17m
preference-243057078-8c5hz           2/2       Running   0          15m
recommendation-v1-60483540-9snd9     2/2       Running   0          12m
recommendation-v2-2815683430-vpx4p   2/2       Running   0          15s
recommendation-v3-7b445dd469-j6rkg   2/2       Running   0          2m

Istio-ize Egress

Configure Istio to allow only registered traffic:

kubectl get configmap istio -n istio-system -o yaml | sed 's/mode: ALLOW_ANY/mode: REGISTRY_ONLY/g' | kubectl replace -n istio-system -f -

Be sure you do not have any previous destination rule nor virtual service installed.

Let’s redirect all traffic to reccomendation:v3.

Then access to the service:

Since no Egress service entry has been registered to access an external site, the service will return a 500 error .
$ curl customer-tutorial.$(minishift ip)
customer => Error: 503 - preference => Error: 500 - <html><head><title>Error</title></head><body>Internal Server Error</body></html>

Let’s fix it by registering a service entry to allow access to worldclockapi.

kubectl create -f istiofiles/service-entry-egress-worldclockapi.yml -n tutorial

kubectl get serviceentry

curl customer-tutorial.$(minishift ip)
customer => preference => recommendation v3 2019-03-28T00:24+01:00 from '57cd88c95d-jp546': 1

or shell into the pod by getting its name and then using that name with oc exec

oc exec -it -n tutorial $(oc get pods -n tutorial -o jsonpath="{.items[*]}" -l app=recommendation,version=v3) -c recommendation /bin/bash

kubectl exec -it -n tutorial $(oc get pods -n tutorial -o jsonpath="{.items[*]}" -l app=recommendation,version=v3) -c recommendation /bin/bash



Clean up

kubectl delete -f istiofiles/service-entry-egress-worldclockapi.yml -n tutorial
kubectl delete -f istiofiles/destination-rule-recommendation-v1-v2-v3.yml -n tutorial
kubectl delete -f istiofiles/virtual-service-recommendation-v3.yml

or you can run:


Undeploy recommendation:v3:

oc delete all -n tutorial -l app=recommendation,version=v3
kubectl delete all -n tutorial -l app=recommendation,version=v3